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5 Common Vitamin Deficiencies in Seniors

Vitamins are not only important for growing bodies, but they are important for adult and aging bodies as well. Unfortunately, many adults—especially the elderly—do not receive adequate vitamins from their daily diet and may require supplements. Here 5 of the most common vitamin deficiencies experienced by seniors, brought to you by leading Summit home care provider, Home Care Assistance.

1. Vitamin B12. The body absorbs vitamin B12 from foods such as meat, seafood, eggs, poultry, fortified cereals, and dairy products during digestion. Digestion difficulties, common with age, limit this process. Symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency include depression, memory loss, muscle weakness, and dementia.

2. Vitamin D. Vitamin D is absorbed from the sun—or from foods such as dairy products, fish, and liver, or fortified grain products. Inadequate amounts of Vitamin D lead to bone and muscle weakness, cognitive difficulties, and even an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

3. Folic Acid. Folic acid, or folate, is found naturally in dark green vegetables and citrus juices. Diets low in fresh vegetables, conditions such as Celiac disease, and certain medications lead to low folic acid levels. Without adequate folate, the body may suffer from fatigue, anemia, and even greying hair.

4. Vitamin A. Vitamin A is important to eye and skin health and to immune processes. A diet rich in green, leafy vegetables, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables, egg yolks, fish liver oil, or Vitamin A fortified cereal and milk help prevent this deficiency.

5. Vitamin C. Vitamin C deficiency leads to a host of problems, from dental health issues to dry skin, decreased immunity, mood changes, fatigue, and easy bruising. Citrus fruits, broccoli, dark leafy greens, and yellow peppers all contain lots of Vitamin C.

Vitamin deficiencies may also occur as side effects of prescription medications or other long-term medical conditions. It is important to discuss symptoms with your senior loved one’s physician, review medications, and find supplements that will work best for your loved one’s nutritional needs.

Learn more about senior health and wellness by reaching out to the senior care experts at Home Care Assistance. We are the leading provider of hourly and live-in care, including specialized Parkinson’s, dementia, and Alzheimer’s care in Summit. Every caregiver goes through an extensive background check and can help promote a happy and healthy lifestyle through diet, exercises, socialization, mental stimulation, and companionship. Call a Care Manager at 908.450.9400 to learn more about the services available near you and to schedule a free in-home consultation.